Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

Sorokko E.A., Padun M.A., Martynova E.N, Lyusin D. Emotional information processing and posttraumatic stress in individuals with high risk of psychological trauma exposure: The case of policemen

Full text in Russian: Сорокко Е.А., Падун М.А., Мартынова Е.Н., Люсин Д.В. Обработка эмоциональной информации и посттравматический стресс у лиц с высоким риском психической травматизации (на выборке сотрудников МВД)

OMVD of Russia in the city of Severodvinsk, Severodvinsk, Russia
Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

About author
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Current article examines mechanisms of attentional biases among policemen whose occupation is related to large amounts of negative emotional information up to the risk of psychological traumatization. Healthy individuals with psychological trauma exposure during professional activity were expected to demonstrate emotional Stroop effect (ESE) in response to stress-related stimuli. One hundred thirty-eight male policemen from the Arkhangelsk region aged from 22 to 50 years participated in the study. To capture ESE, words with neutral and threatening meaning were used. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were measured with the PCL-5; emotion regulation strategies were measured with the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ).
It was found that response time to stress-related words in the emotional Stroop task was greater compared to neutral words. Two types of ESE, direct and reverse, were identified in the sample. Individuals with reverse ESE processed the professional stress-related stimuli faster compared to neutral stimuli. Policemen with reverse ESE were found to have stronger symptoms of excitability, which is one of the criteria of PTSD. In individuals with reverse ESE, excitability and general index of PTSD positively correlated with the cognitive emotion regulation strategy Other-blame. Word by word analysis found differential effect of threatening words in participants with direct and reverse ESE. The results are discussed in context of the policemen professional activity features.

Key words: attentional bias, emotional Stroop effect, emotion regulation, PTSD 

Full text in Russian >>

Funding
M.A. Padun carried out the research in accordance with the State Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation № 0138-2021-0005.
D.V. Lyusin and E.N. Martynova carried out this research within the framework of the Basic Ressearch Program of the National Research University Higher School of Economics in 2021.

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Received 19 April 2021. Date of publication: 01 September 2021.

About author

Sorokko Еvgenia A. Senior psychologist of the department for work with the personnel of the OMVD of Russia in the city of Severodvinsk, ul. Industrialnaya, 26, 164520 Severodvinsk, Russian Federation. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0643-6521.
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Padun Maria A. PhD in Psychology, senior research assistant, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Yaroslavskaya, 13/1, 129366 Moscow, Russia.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9876-4791.
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Lyusin Dmitry V. PhD in Educational Science, Leading Researcher, Laboratory for Cognitive Research, HSE University, per. Armyansky, 4/2, 101000 Moscow, Russia; Leading Researcher, Laboratory of Psychology and Psychophysiology of Creativity, Institute of Psychology, Russian Acad-emy of Sciences, ul. Yaroslavskaya, 13/1, 129366 Moscow, Russia. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4429-8086.
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Martynova Ekaterina N. Research Assistant, Laboratory for Cognitive Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics HSE University, per. Armyansky, 4/2, 101000 Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8295-1111.
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Suggested citation

Sorokko E.A., Padun M.A., Martynova E.N, Lyusin D. Emotional information processing and posttraumatic stress in individuals with high risk of psychological trauma exposure: The case of policemen. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2021, Vol. 14, No. 78, p. 6. http://psystudy.ru

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