2018 Vol. 11 Issue 57

Marutina T.M. Individual adaptability in a transitive society

Full text in Russian: Марютина Т.М. Индивидуальная адаптируемость в транзитивном обществе

L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Moscow, Russia

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The article deals with the concept of "individual adaptability", its significance in the behavior of people in the transitional period of society development, i.e. in the conditions of cataclysms, accompanied by uncertainty and unpredictability of the development of events. The differences between the concepts of adaptation, adaptability and adaptability are shown. The comparative analysis of theories of individual adaptability is given and an example of diagnostics of individual adaptability on eight scales is given: crisis, creativity, uncertainty, training, interpersonal relations, culture, physical resources, level of stress. Data are presented that suggest that adaptability as the ability of an individual to adapt to non-standard operating conditions is manifested in different spheres of existence. This phenomenon finds itself in extreme situations of vital activity, including natural and social cataclysms, in military and organizational psychology. In organizational psychology, individual adaptability with the need is analyzed in the study of career growth of workers, especially with the dynamic nature of professional activity and the environment for its implementation. Cultural adaptability characterizes a person's ability to successfully carry out intercultural and international contacts. This phenomenon, defined as operational adaptability, occupies an important place in the context of military doctrine in describing the mental status and capabilities of servicemen operating in situations of uncertainty, as well as in positive psychology combined with the concept of individual adaptation resources. It is shown that managers at all levels should be able to adapt their behavior to the circumstances in which they work. Cultural adaptability is crucial for successful global leadership. Moreover, cultural adaptability is seen as a subcomponent in the training of military personnel operating in an intercultural context. In the context of positive psychology, it has been shown that people with a high level of adaptability are able to accumulate and retain more psychological resources than those who are low in it. It is also shown that the content of the term resource as applied to adaptability is associated with such a means of behavior management as self-regulation and self-control.

Keywords: transitivity, adaptation, adaptability, individual adaptability, crisis, stress, uncertainty, creative thinking, career adaptability, operational adaptability, resources



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Received 15 December 2017. Date of publication: 27 February 2018.

About author

Marutina Tatana M. Ph.D., Professor, L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Russian State University for the Humanities, Miusskaya pl., 6, 125993 Moscow, Russia.

Suggested citation

Marutina T.M. Individual adaptability in a transitive society. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2018, Vol. 11, No. 57, p. 1. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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