Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


Alekseeva O.S., Rzhanova I.E. The influences of sex and birth order on differences of parental treatment

Full text in Russian: Алексеева О.С., Ржанова И.Е. Влияние пола и порядка рождения на различия в родительском отношении к детям

Psychological institute, Moscow, Russia

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The study examined the effects of children’s birth order and sex on differential parental treatment. 302 families with two children participated in the study (N = 1208). Maternal and paternal relations with children were assessed using the technique "Parent-child interaction questionary". This technique allows to obtain both parent’s and children’s evaluations of parent-child relationships. Analysis of parental ratings revealed that fathers demonstrated a higher level of connivance with daughters than with sons. Both parents showed higher control over the younger children, regardless of child sex. Analysis of children’s ratings showed that boys evaluated higher paternal negative control than girls. Fathers were more likely than mothers showed differences in relations with children. It has been shown that fathers distinguished younger daughters in mixed-sex pairs. Fathers had greater confidence in communication with young daughters, they were more inconsistent in their parenting. Younger girls from mixed-sex pairs got higher scores on the scale of a positive relationship with their fathers, than other children.

Keywords: parent-child relations, differential parental treatment, siblings, birth order, sex



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Received 17 August 2016. Date of publication: 31 December 2016.

About authors

Alekseeva Olga S. Research Associate, Psychological Institute, ul. Mokhovaya, 9–4, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Rzhanova Irina E. Research Associate, Psychological Institute, ul. Mokhovaya, 9–4, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Alekseeva O.S., Rzhanova I.E. The influences of sex and birth order on differences of parental treatment. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2016, Vol. 9, No. 50, p. 11. (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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