Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


Pankratova A.A., Lyusin D.V. Emotional display rules in Russian and Azerbaijani cultures

Full text in Russian: Панкратова А.А., Люсин Д.В. Правила проявления эмоций в русской и азербайджанской культурах

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

About authors
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Two versions of Matsumoto’s DRAI (Display Rule Assessment Inventory) and Pankratova’s Russia modification of this technique are described including possible ways of the analysis of raw data. Comparison of the most general DRAI indices obtained in Russian and Azerbaijani cultures showed that (1) Azerbaijanis display their emotions less compared to Russians (both in the private and public context), (2) Azerbaijanis use various strategies to hide their true emotions and it holds to any emotion, whereas Russians display all emotions except contempt and disgust, and (3) Azerbaijanis display more negative emotions in the out-group (towards an acquaintance), whereas Russians display more negative emotions in the in-group (towards a close friend). The results correspond to the evidence about the relationship between individualism-collectivism and the level of emotional expressivity obtained in Matsumoto’s cross-cultural studies.

Keywords: basic emotions, display rules, culture, collectivism, individualism, Russia, Azerbaijan


The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 16-06-00363, and was implemented in the framework of the Basic Research Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics in 2016.


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Received 15 May 2016. Date of publication: 30 August 2016.

About authors

Pankratova Alina A. Ph.D., Senior Research Associate, Department of Behavioral Genetics, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11–9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Lyusin Dmitry V. PhD., Senior Research Associate, Laboratory of Psychology and Physiology of Creativity, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences; Leading Research Associate, Laboratory for Cognitive Research, Higher School of Economics (National Research University), ul. Myasnitskaya, 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Pankratova A.A., Lyusin D.V. Emotional display rules in Russian and Azerbaijani cultures. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2016, Vol. 9, No. 48, p. 11. (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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